defence, free-will

defence, free-will
   The free-will defence is a response to the problem of evil, originally due to Augustine, that appeals to the free will (understood according to libertarianism) of God's creatures. Alvin Plantinga developed a rigorous version of the free-will defence by using the modal logic of possible worlds. He argues that it is for all we know true that, while God could have created a world without evil and suffering, in all possible worlds with free agents some of those agents will freely commit evil acts. Hence, insofar as God desires to create a world where creatures possess freedom, it was not possible to do so without a limited amount of evil. While the free-will defence gives a possible explanation of the existence of moral evil, it has more difficulty explaining natural evil the evil that arises from natural events like tornadoes and earthquakes. In a controversial move, Plantinga extends the free-will defence to cover natural evil by arguing that such events might be the result of the free acts of demonic agencies.
   Further reading: Augustine 1990-; Berthold 2004; Plantinga 1974a and 1974b

Christian Philosophy . . 2015.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • free-will defence —    see defence, free will …   Christian Philosophy

  • free will defence — Probably the most popular attempt to reconcile the existence of evil with the goodness of God (see evil, problem of ; theodicy ). The defence is that evils are entirely due to the bad, free, choices made by human beings (and perhaps other fallen… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • defence, greater-good —    This approach to the problem of evil, classically expounded by Irenaeus, points out that God might have an overriding reason to allow limited evil in the world, namely, the goal of achieving an overall greater good than would otherwise exist.… …   Christian Philosophy

  • Defence Research and Development Organisation — Sanskrit: बलस्य मूलं विज्ञानम् Strength s Origin is in Science [1] Agency overvi …   Wikipedia

  • Defence Scheme No. 2 — was a Canadian military strategy developed after World War I outlining the Canadian response in the event of a war between the United States of America and Japan. The primary concern of this strategy was remaining neutral in any conflict between… …   Wikipedia

  • Free Thai Movement — The Free Thai Movement ( th. ขบวนการเสรีไทย, Khabuankarn Seri Thai) was an underground resistance movement against Japan during World War II. The movement was one of the important sources to the Allies for military intelligence in this region.… …   Wikipedia

  • Will-o'-the-wisps in popular culture — The will o the wisp has made appearances in many guises across many genres and forms of artistic expression.LiteratureSamuel Taylor Coleridge s poem The Rime of the Ancient Mariner describes the Will o the wisp. The poem was first published in… …   Wikipedia

  • Free England Party — Articleissues unreferenced=March 2008 peacock=March 2008 wikify=March 2008 orphan=March 2008 POV=March 2008The Free England Party is an English Nationalist political party, committed to the formation of a devolved English Parliament, English… …   Wikipedia

  • Will Hoy — BTCC alumnus Name =Will Hoy Nationality = flagicon|ENG Team = Ford, BMW, Toyota, Renault, Arena, VLR Championships = 1 Wins = 9 Podiums = Poles = Fastest laps = First year = 1989 First win = 1991 Best position = 1st (1991) Last season = 2000 Last …   Wikipedia

  • Will Antwi — Football player infobox playername = Will Antwi fullname = William Kwabena Antwi Agyei height = height|meters=1.88 dateofbirth = birth date and age|1982|10|19 cityofbirth = Ashford countryofbirth = England currentclub = Wycombe Wanderers… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”